Nova Scotia is one of Canada’s three Maritime provinces. The capital of the province is Halifax and it is the second-smallest province in Canada. In 2009, the population was calculated to be 944,251, making it the second-most-densely populated province.
Nova Scotia was home to the Mi’kmaq people long before the first European colonists arrived.
In 1867 Nova Scotia became one of the four founding provinces that would start the Canadian Confederation. A large percentage of the population descended from Scotland, but many descended from Italian, Irish, Acadian, German, African-Nova Scotians and English roots.