New Brunswick is one of three Canadian Maritime provinces and is the only bilingual province (English and French) constitutionally in the federation. Fredericton is the provincial capital is but Saint John is the most populated city, and Moncton is the largest city. It is estimated by Statistics Canada that the provincial population in 2009 was around 750,500. The majority of he people are English-speaking, but still about 33% speak french.
The province’s name comes from the English and French translation of the city of Braunschweig in northern Germany.